InvestinStocks.co.in | Stock market Data of India. Active stocks from NSE/BSE
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Overview of Indian Stock Market.
BSE and NSE
Most of the trading in the Indian stock market takes place on its two stock exchanges:
the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE). The BSE has been in existence since 1875.
The NSE, on the other hand, was founded in 1992 and started trading in 1994.
However, both exchanges follow the same trading mechanism, trading hours, and settlement process.
As of February 2020, the BSE had 5,518 listed firms, whereas the rival NSE had about 1,799 as of Dec. 31, 2019.
Out of all the listed firms on the BSE, only about 500 firms constitute more than 90% of its market capitalization;
the rest of the crowd consists of highly illiquid shares.
Almost all the significant firms of India are listed on both the exchanges.
The BSE is the older stock market but the NSE is the largest stock market, in terms of volume.
As such, the NSE is a more liquid market. In terms of market cap, they’re both comparable at about $2.3 trillion.
Both exchanges compete for the order flow that leads to reduced costs, market efficiency, and innovation.
The presence of arbitrageurs keeps the prices on the two stock exchanges within a very tight range.
Trading at both the exchanges takes place through an open electronic limit order book in which order matching is done by the trading computer.
There are no market makers and the entire process is order-driven, which means that market orders placed by investors are automatically matched with the best limit orders.
As a result, buyers and sellers remain anonymous.
The advantage of an order-driven market is that it brings more transparency by displaying all buy and sell orders in the trading system.
However, in the absence of market makers, there is no guarantee that orders will be executed.
All orders in the trading system need to be placed through brokers, many of which provide an online trading facility to retail customers.
Institutional investors can also take advantage of the direct market access (DMA) option in which they use trading terminals
provided by brokers for placing orders directly into the stock market trading system.
Settlement and Trading Hours
Equity spot markets follow a T+2 rolling settlement. This means that any trade taking place on Monday gets settled by Wednesday.
All trading on stock exchanges takes place between 9:55 a.m. and 3:30 p.m., Indian Standard Time (+ 5.5 hours GMT), Monday through Friday.
Delivery of shares must be made in dematerialized form, and each exchange has its own clearing house, which assumes all settlement risk by serving as a central counterparty.
The two prominent Indian market indexes are Sensex and Nifty. Sensex is the oldest market index for equities; it includes shares of 30 firms listed on the BSE,
which represent about 47% of the index’s free-float market capitalization. It was created in 1986 and provides time series data from April 1979, onward.
Another index is the Standard and Poor’s CNX Nifty; it includes 50 shares listed on the NSE, which represent about 46.9% of its free-float market capitalization.
It was created in 1996 and provides time series data from July 1990, onward.
The overall responsibility of development, regulation, and supervision of the stock market rests with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI),
which was formed in 1992 as an independent authority. Since then, SEBI has consistently tried to lay down market rules in line with the best market practices.
It enjoys vast powers of imposing penalties on market participants, in case of a breach.
Emerging markets like India are fast becoming engines for future growth. Currently, only a very low percentage of the household savings of Indians are invested
in the domestic stock market, but with gross domestic product (GDP) growing at 7% to 8% annually for the last few years, though in the 6% range for 2018 and 2019,
and a stable financial market, we might see more money joining the race. Maybe it’s the right time for outside investors to seriously think about joining the India bandwagon.